It requires Courage to commit SUICIDE…


Death is the ultimate truth as it is one of the rarest events which is certain to happen in life. He who are born will surely die as nobody is immortal. There can be many reasons of death like malnutrition, hunger, disease, injury or accidents, death due to natural calamity etc. One of the other reasons for death is suicide. Suicidal death is a serious concern which is rarely discussed and debated. Death is certain but committing suicide is right or wrong? This question is debatable and is subjective in nature. Needless to say, Suicide is a crime and this crime is not punishable unlike others. Suicidal deaths happen across the globe. In this article, I have tried to cover this burning topic of suicidal deaths.

India is a large country both in terms of area and population and the country had faced and is facing many issues. The question arises whether suicide is an issue? Looking at the suicidal death figures, one can get the glimpse of it. The statistics mentioned in this article is based on the Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India (ADSI) 2015 report published by National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India. In fact, suicidal deaths in India is more than 130,000 per year as per the NCRB data. Let’s look at the suicidal deaths from 2011 to 2015 as mentioned in below table:

Table 1: Suicidal deaths in India
Year Suicidal Deaths
2011 135,585
2012 135,445
2013 134,799
2014 131,666
2015 133,623
Source: Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India (ADSI) 2015 published by National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India

As it can be inferred from the five years data, suicidal deaths in India is more than 130,000 per year. In fact, the average suicidal deaths for the above mentioned five years comes out to be 134,223 per year. Further, calculating the average suicide in a day from 2011-2015, it comes out to be 368 (134,223 / 365 = 368). It means 368 people are committing suicide in India on daily basis. Further, 15 people commit suicide per hour (368/24 = 15).

Breaking it further, incidence of suicidal deaths is not distributed equally throughout the country. Some states have large number of suicidal deaths and some have few. In fact, it is largely concentrated in few states. In the year 2015, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal were top 3 three states in suicides as mentioned in below table:

Table 2: Top 10 states in suicidal deaths in the year 2015
State Suicidal Deaths Percentage Share
Maharashtra 16970 12.7%
Tamil Nadu 15777 11.8%
West Bengal 14602 10.9%
Karnataka 10786 8.1%
Madhya Pradesh 10293 7.7%
Telangana 10140 7.6%
Kerala 7692 5.8%
Gujarat 7246 5.4%
Chhattisgarh 7118 5.3%
Andhra Pradesh 6226 4.7%
Source: Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India (ADSI) 2015 published by National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India

Maharashtra accounted for 12.7% of suicidal deaths in India in 2015 followed by Tamil Nadu and West Bengal with 11.8% and 10.9% of suicidal deaths respectively. Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh accounted for 8.1% and 7.7% of suicidal deaths respectively. Combining these top five states, they accounted for 51.2% of suicides reported in the country, in 2015, and rest of India reported 48.8% suicides. It is important to note from the above table that Uttar Pradesh which is the most populated state (17% of country’s population) in the country is not in the top 10 list. In fact, Uttar Pradesh had reported comparatively lower percentage share in terms of suicidal deaths, accounting for only 2.9% of the total suicidal deaths in the country in 2015.

Apart from the top states with suicides, let us have a look at the major cities in India where suicidal deaths are in ample amount which is mentioned in below table:

                                Table 3: Top 10 Major cities with suicidal deaths in the year 2015
City Suicidal Deaths
Chennai 2274
Bengaluru 1855
Delhi 1553
Mumbai 1122
Pune 873
Ahmedabad 869
Hyderabad 728
Surat 663
Indore 528
Nagpur 483
Source: Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India (ADSI) 2015 published by National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India

Chennai heads the top of the list when it comes to suicides in major cities followed by Bengaluru and Delhi. There were 2274 suicides in Chennai in 2015 followed by Bengaluru and Delhi having 1855 and 1553 suicides respectively in 2015. As we know, New Delhi is the capital and Mumbai is the financial capital of India, Chennai can be said as the “Suicidal Capital”, on a lighter note. All the major cities like Chennai, Bengaluru, Delhi, Mumbai etc have reported more than 1000 suicides in 2015.

The Big Picture

One important characteristic of human being is courage and courage is required many times in life. There are many adventures which people like to do which requires courage. Courage is required in taking tough decisions and tackling unwilling situation. In fact, it is often required to take daring and courageous decisions in life.

When a soldier is fighting with the enemy, he must be fearless and courageous to defend his nation. When a student disqualifies in his exams or job recruitment, he should fight back with proper preparations which requires strong determination. Imagine a situation where nothing is in your support (financial, moral or familiar) and you are determined to pursue your goals going against everyone, taking such kind of decision require immense courage. When farmers bow seeds in rainy season, courage is required. There are many famous personalities across the globe who have proved themselves with their strong determination and courageous decisions.

Having said that, what makes people to commit suicide. What makes them to take such decision? It can be poverty, love affairs, unemployment, hunger, financial problem etc. As per the ADSI report, 27.6% of suicidal deaths in 2015 happened due to family problems. The other causes of suicides are mentioned in below table:

Table 4: Percentage share of Various causes of Suicides during 2015
Causes Percentage Share
Family Problems 27.60%
Illness 15.00%
Causes not known 12.10%
Marriage related issues 4.80%
Love affairs 3.00%
Bankruptcy or indebtedness 3.30%
Drug Abuse/Addiction 2.70%
Unemployment 2.00%
Failure in Examination 2.00%
Other Causes (Poverty, Physical abuse, Professional/Career problem etc) 26.20%
Source: Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India (ADSI) 2015 published by National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India

From the above table, it can be inferred that family problem was the major cause of suicides in 2015. Tamil Nadu recorded the highest number of suicides due to family problems. There were 7377 suicides due to family problems in Tamil Nadu in the year 2015. The second most cause of suicide is illness accounting for 15% of total suicides. Unemployment and failure in exam accounts for 2% separately.

From the statistics discussed above on number of suicides and causes of suicides, suicide is a major concern, but it is rarely discussed and debated. There are many problems one faces in his life but ending own life solves the problem?

Committing suicide requires enormous courage. Every decision in life requires some courage but committing suicide requires the most. Ending one’s own life is not feasible and suicide cannot be the solution of any problem. Think the other way around. If someone has the courage to decide to commit suicide, why can’t that courage should be used to solve the problem? There are some points which I would like to raise…

  • Committing suicide requires courage. Why that courage is not used to solve the problems which compels the person to commit suicide?
  • Ending one’s life and leaving the family members alone is good?
  • Committing suicide is the toughest decision and if someone can take such decision which requires enormous courage, that courage should be used to tackle the situation which compelled the people to commit suicide.
  • The person who commits suicide leaves a forever pain to his near and dear ones. The person who commits suicide gets rid of the problem, but his family suffers for long. A void is created which is impossible to fill.
  • India, where 368 people and 15 people commit suicide on daily basis and hourly basis respectively, why this issue is not raised and what can be the solution to minimize the same?

What is your take on suicide? Is it justifiable to end own life or that courage should be utilized to solve the issue? While reading this article of mine, some of you may think that I am being philosophical by raising such query but frankly speaking, this is a concern which was in my mind for many years and hence thought of putting before you. In fact, I have raised this issue in one of my previous articles titled “Suicide – Right or wrong?”, the same can be read here.

Please share your views. Would be happy to have insights from all of you on this rarely discussed issue.

– Ashish Kumar

Solitude – Pleasure or pain?



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Solitude is one the situations which often makes or break confidence, relations, mindset, perception etc. It is the state or situation where one feels alone or lonely. Human nature wants to be known and admired and solitude is just opposite where one finds himself to be detached from everyone. The reason of being felt lonely can be many like not getting what desired, love failure, introvert nature, jealousy etc. The repercussion of solitude is sometimes harsh even leading to suicidal death which is startling and extreme. One of the main consequences of solitude is that people lose hope and get depressed. Losing hope is that state where one finds nothing positive for himself and negative vibes starts accumulating in mind.

Feeling of loneliness is not new and one feels lonely several times in life. Some of the common reasons behind solitude are love failure, failure in innovating something new, break up in the relationships etc. If you are a song lover, you might have came across many songs which are solely based on solitude. When people fail in love, they think they are nowhere and they are the one who finds themselves the loneliest person in world. When someone resigns from his job because he doesn’t liked it, it also gives a lonely feeling till he finds a suitable job as per his interest. When there is a misunderstanding which leads to fight between family members and all are members are against you, solitude again finds a place. There are many other circumstances where one encounters solitude in his/her life. All these are part of life and should be taken as an experience.

Life has many aspects and solitude or feeling of loneliness is one of them which can be a pleasure or pain. Surprised to see how it can be a pleasure? Yes it can be a pleasure if one takes this as an opportunity. Generally, people consider solitude as a pain. It is a pain if one thinks it in that way and can be a pleasure as well if you have guts to convert that pain into pleasure which is difficult but not impossible. One should think in a different way and should take solitude as an opportunity. Solitude is that situation where one finds himself to be detached from rest of the world.  When you are detached, you have enough time to think and rejuvenate yourself. Surprised??? Solitude gives you a chance to talk to yourself what we call as introspection and introspection leads to creativity and innovation. When you introspect, you are able to find the loopholes and can start from scratch or can find the better way round which can give fruitful results. Solitude also gives you the chance to know your inner strength, how strong you are and how you are going to manage trying circumstances. All these counts and makes you much stronger than before. Converting solitude into an opportunity is difficult but not impossible. Solitude indeed gives you a chance to prove yourself and come back with smiling face post debacle, if any.  The only thing matter is how one takes this situation, either positive or negative. Choice has to be made.

It takes time to get rid of the bad moments where one finds himself detached but should not allow prolong accumulation of negative vibes which ultimately leads to depression and frustration. Take time and start as nothing lasts forever.  If you keeps on thinking and thinking on what happened in past or past bad memories then how you will live in present and how will you secure your future? In my opinion, solitude is neither a disaster nor a debacle;  it’s a part of our life. Life has many layers, both good and bad. I too have been in solitude several times and was able to tackle which was a nice experience. Experience again is very important in life, both positive and negative which makes you a strong person which helps you in decision making. Remember one thing, if you feel lonely because of absence of people around you, your conscience and confidence still remains within you which are capable enough to convert negative into positive. What I would convey is take solitude not as a burden but spent some time and think and come back with smiling face. Lastly, I would like to share one of the famous quotes of Bob Marley.

You never know how strong you are until being strong is the only choice you have.

Bob Marley

 

– Ashish Kumar

Accidental deaths and suicide – A serious concern



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Death is certain and it is the ultimate truth. One will die for sure after birth. Accidental deaths and suicidal deaths are unfortunate. There are several problems that India is facing like inflation, corruption, unemployment etc. People die due to several reasons like heart attack, cancer, murder, natural disaster, poverty, accidents, suicide etc.

Death due to accidents and suicide is unfortunate. But it doesn’t mean that death due to other causes is fortunate. This article highlights the accidental deaths and suicidal deaths in India. In my previous article, I have addressed the issue of suicide. It is surprising that instead of several awareness campaigns, people are dying due to accidents. Let’s look at the statistics of accidental deaths and suicides from 2011 to 2015 which is given in the following table.

Table 1: Accidental deaths and suicidal deaths in India
Year Accidental deaths Suicidal deaths
2011 390884 135585
2012 394982 135445
2013 400517 134799
2014 451757 131666
2015 413457 133623
Source: National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India

From the above table, the accidentals deaths and suicide does not have an increasing/decreasing pattern. Accidental deaths were most in 2014 which was 451757 and suicidal deaths were most in 2011, reporting to 135585. Suicidal deaths decreased from 2011 to 2014 but again increased in 2015. It is surprising to see that the number of suicides in India is more than a lakh per year. There can be several reasons for suicides like poverty, farmer suicides, love failure, not getting what desired, exam failure, frustration, depression etc.

The number of accidental deaths is more than 4 lakh in a year which is alarming. What can be the root cause of accidents? Accident does not only mean road accident. Road accident is one of the type of accident. Broadly accident can be classified as natural calamity and unnatural causes. Natural calamity includes flood, earthquake, landslide, cyclone, avalanche etc. Unnatural cause includes air crash, fire, collapse of structure, explosion, traffic accident, stampede, factory/machine accidents, drowning etc. An accidental death due to natural calamity is much less than those of unnatural causes. The below table illustrates the accidental deaths due to natural and top five unnatural causes from 2011 to 2015.

Table 2: Accidental deaths due to Natural and Unnatural causes
S.No Cause of death 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1. Natural Calamity 23690 22960 22759 20201 10510
2. Unnatural Causes
i)                    Drowning 29708 27558 30041 29903 29822
ii)                  Sudden Deaths 26649 28961 31278 26526 35023
iii)                Poisoning 29478 30748 29249 20587 26173
iv)                Traffic Accident 165072 168301 166506 169107 177423
v)                  Fire 24576 23281 22177 19513 17700
Source: National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India

 

As it can be inferred from the above table, deaths due to unnatural cause is higher than the natural calamity. The five unnatural cause depicted in the above table are drowning, sudden deaths, poisoning, traffic accident and fire. Of the five major causes, traffic accident accounts for the highest number of deaths which is more than one and half lakh. This makes one thing clear that road traffic accidents is a serious issue prevailing in India. It can be seen that road traffic accident have increased in these five years. It resulted in 177423 deaths in the year 2015. What can be the main reason behind such traffic deaths? Some of the reasons can be:

  • Not obeying the traffic rules.
  • Driving the vehicle above the specified speed limit.
  • Crossing the road without looking at the signal.
  • Driving vehicle in hurry, tension, depression.
  • Drinking while driving (drink and drive) etc.

The other causes of accidental deaths like fire, poisoning, drowning, etc also accounts for major proportion. Natural calamity is beyond our control but what about the deaths due to unnatural causes and suicides? If you combine the accidental deaths and suicidal deaths, it is more than 4.5 lakh per year. This figure is very high and startling. Isn’t it a big jolt for all of us ???

Generally, people ignore the accidental death. Many people drive ruthlessly on road to pretend themselves to be the hero of an action movie but they don’t think for a while that such driving may harm others on road and themselves as well. Speedy driving has become a fashion in India which is not feasible at all. What is your opinion on such accidental deaths and suicides in India ? What is the major cause behind such deaths and what should be done in order to curb such miss-happenings? Do share your views…

– Ashish Kumar

Suicide – Right or wrong?


Suicide, the word seems to be little awkward and is generally considered to be a crime. There can be many reasons to commit suicide. This article highlights one of the major problems i.e suicide which is rarely discussed.

India reported 1,33,623 suicidal deaths in the year 2015 as per the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. This figure is strange as more than a lakh people committed suicide. Out of the total suicide, female suicide accounted to 42088 and male suicide were 91528 and rest 7 were transgender. Let us look at some statistics of suicides in India as illustrated in the following table which highlights the top 10 suicidal states.

Table 1: Suicidal deaths in top 10 states in the year 2015
State Suicidal Deaths
Maharashtra 16970
Tamil Nadu 15777
West Bengal 14602
Karnataka 10786
Madhya Pradesh 10293
Telangana 10140
Kerela 7692
Gujarat 7246
Chattisgarh 7118
Andhra Pradesh 6226
Source: National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.

As it can be interpreted from the above table, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal are leading in suicidal deaths. The above table also states that the problem of suicide is present throughout India from north to south, west to east which is an alarming situation. Let us look at the top 10 major cities in India having a wide number of suicidal deaths which is illustrated in the following table.

Table 2: 10 major cities with suicidal deaths in the year 2015
City Suicidal deaths
Chennai 2274
Bengaluru 1855
Delhi 1553
Mumbai 1122
Pune 873
Ahmedabad 869
Hyderabad 728
Surat 663
Indore 528
Nagpur 483
Source: National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.

From the above table, Chennai is the leading city with highest number of suicidal deaths and can be said as the suicidal capital of India. The five major cities of India namely Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru and Hyderabad are in the list of top 10 cities having suicidal deaths.

There can be many reasons for suicide. Some of the reasons can be work pressure, extra marital affairs, love failure, household atrocities, depression, stress, no hope for survival, examination pressure of failure, hunger, lack of basic amenities to live, poverty etc. However, the exact reason behind people committing suicide is difficult to find. Some people say that it is the state of mind which allows people to take such step. Yes, it is the mind who decides what to do and what not to do and it is ultimately the decision of people who go to end their life. This is startling but is the harsh reality.

Life is precious and should be lived and enjoyed while facing the bad moments. Nothing lasts forever, whether it is good or bad. Approach should be to fight and not to quit and end up one’s life. One needs to be strong enough to tackle the situation. It’s amazing to know that there are cases where people come to end up their life if failed in some activities which they have desired most. But is committing suicide is right? Life doesn’t end if you fail.

Please share your views on suicide. Those who commit suicide, is it right or wrong? What according to you is the reason behind committing suicide and what steps can be taken in order to curb suicidal deaths? Please share your thoughts.

– Ashish Kumar