Accidental deaths and suicide – A serious concern



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Death is certain and it is the ultimate truth. One will die for sure after birth. Accidental deaths and suicidal deaths are unfortunate. There are several problems that India is facing like inflation, corruption, unemployment etc. People die due to several reasons like heart attack, cancer, murder, natural disaster, poverty, accidents, suicide etc.

Death due to accidents and suicide is unfortunate. But it doesn’t mean that death due to other causes is fortunate. This article highlights the accidental deaths and suicidal deaths in India. In my previous article, I have addressed the issue of suicide. It is surprising that instead of several awareness campaigns, people are dying due to accidents. Let’s look at the statistics of accidental deaths and suicides from 2011 to 2015 which is given in the following table.

Table 1: Accidental deaths and suicidal deaths in India
Year Accidental deaths Suicidal deaths
2011 390884 135585
2012 394982 135445
2013 400517 134799
2014 451757 131666
2015 413457 133623
Source: National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India

From the above table, the accidentals deaths and suicide does not have an increasing/decreasing pattern. Accidental deaths were most in 2014 which was 451757 and suicidal deaths were most in 2011, reporting to 135585. Suicidal deaths decreased from 2011 to 2014 but again increased in 2015. It is surprising to see that the number of suicides in India is more than a lakh per year. There can be several reasons for suicides like poverty, farmer suicides, love failure, not getting what desired, exam failure, frustration, depression etc.

The number of accidental deaths is more than 4 lakh in a year which is alarming. What can be the root cause of accidents? Accident does not only mean road accident. Road accident is one of the type of accident. Broadly accident can be classified as natural calamity and unnatural causes. Natural calamity includes flood, earthquake, landslide, cyclone, avalanche etc. Unnatural cause includes air crash, fire, collapse of structure, explosion, traffic accident, stampede, factory/machine accidents, drowning etc. An accidental death due to natural calamity is much less than those of unnatural causes. The below table illustrates the accidental deaths due to natural and top five unnatural causes from 2011 to 2015.

Table 2: Accidental deaths due to Natural and Unnatural causes
S.No Cause of death 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1. Natural Calamity 23690 22960 22759 20201 10510
2. Unnatural Causes
i)                    Drowning 29708 27558 30041 29903 29822
ii)                  Sudden Deaths 26649 28961 31278 26526 35023
iii)                Poisoning 29478 30748 29249 20587 26173
iv)                Traffic Accident 165072 168301 166506 169107 177423
v)                  Fire 24576 23281 22177 19513 17700
Source: National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India

 

As it can be inferred from the above table, deaths due to unnatural cause is higher than the natural calamity. The five unnatural cause depicted in the above table are drowning, sudden deaths, poisoning, traffic accident and fire. Of the five major causes, traffic accident accounts for the highest number of deaths which is more than one and half lakh. This makes one thing clear that road traffic accidents is a serious issue prevailing in India. It can be seen that road traffic accident have increased in these five years. It resulted in 177423 deaths in the year 2015. What can be the main reason behind such traffic deaths? Some of the reasons can be:

  • Not obeying the traffic rules.
  • Driving the vehicle above the specified speed limit.
  • Crossing the road without looking at the signal.
  • Driving vehicle in hurry, tension, depression.
  • Drinking while driving (drink and drive) etc.

The other causes of accidental deaths like fire, poisoning, drowning, etc also accounts for major proportion. Natural calamity is beyond our control but what about the deaths due to unnatural causes and suicides? If you combine the accidental deaths and suicidal deaths, it is more than 4.5 lakh per year. This figure is very high and startling. Isn’t it a big jolt for all of us ???

Generally, people ignore the accidental death. Many people drive ruthlessly on road to pretend themselves to be the hero of an action movie but they don’t think for a while that such driving may harm others on road and themselves as well. Speedy driving has become a fashion in India which is not feasible at all. What is your opinion on such accidental deaths and suicides in India ? What is the major cause behind such deaths and what should be done in order to curb such miss-happenings? Do share your views…

– Ashish Kumar

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Bhagat Singh – The Real Hero


September 27 marks the birth anniversary of the greatest son and freedom fighter of India, Bhagat Singh. He was born on this auspicious day in 1907 in Lyallpur district of the Punjab Province of British India. He was a patriot by birth and was always ready to go to any extent that is beneficial for country’s independence. His bravery is world known. This post is a simple tribute to this brave and fearless fighter. He lived only for 24 years but within this short span of time, he was able to make an everlasting impact on millions of millions of Indians.

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When Bhagat Singh was 12 years old, he visited the site of Jallianwala Bagh massacre where thousands of unarmed innocent people were killed which marked an impact of British cruelty on Indians on his mind. He was disillusioned with Gandhi philosophy of non-violence  after Gandhi called off the non cooperation movement. He had devoted his entire life for the cause of nation and that is why he was reluctant to get married. In fact he left the home to avoid marriage and wrote a letter in which he had quoted.

My life has been dedicated to the noblest cause, that of the freedom of the country. Therefore, there is no rest or worldly desire that can lure me now.

Simon Commission was set up by British in 1928 but it did not have any Indian members. So there was a huge protest across the country. Lala Lajpat Rai led a march in protest against the Commission. Police attempts to disperse the large crowd resulted in violence. The superintendent of police, James A. Scott, ordered the police to lathi charge the protesters and personally assaulted Rai, who was injured. Rai died of a heart attatck on 17 November 1928. In a way to take revenge of his death, Singh conspired with revolutionaries like Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar and Chandrashekhar Azad to kill Scott. However, in a case of mistaken identity, the plotters shot John P. Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police, as he was leaving the District Police Headquarters in Lahore on 17 December 1928.

Sardar-Bhagat-Singh-Shaheed-Diwas-Quotes

Bhagat Singh is most popularly known for his involvement in bomb explosion in Central Legislative Assembly on April 8, 1929. He along with his revolutionary friend Batukeshwar Dutt accompanied the explosion. They were present their only after the bomb blast and shouted the slogan “Inquilab Zindabad”  and were arrested.  The nominal intention was to protest against the Public Safety Bill and the Trade Dispute Act, which had been rejected by the Assembly but were being enacted by the Viceroy using his special powers; the actual intention was for the perpetrators to get themselves arrested so that they could use appearances in court as a stage to publicise their cause. Their intention was not to kill but to make their voice audible to British government as in the words of  Bhagat Singh – ” If the deaf are to hear the sound has to be very loud”.

The execution started and based on the investigation Sukhdev, Bhagat Singh and Rajaguru were found guilty of Saunders murder, Assembly bombing and bomb manufacture and were put in jail. The discrimination between European and Indian prisoners in all areas in jail lead to infinite hunger strike started by Bhagat Singh and his followers in jail in order to protest. The Britishers used all the ticks and tricks including force-feeding and other tortures but were unable to put single drop of water in their mouth. The fast lasted for 116 days until it broke. Meanwhile, the trial continued and  on 7 October 1930, the tribunal delivered its 300-page judgement based on all the evidence and concluded that participation of Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru was proved beyond reasonable doubt in Saunders’ murder. They were sentenced to death by hanging. The remaining twelve accused were all sentenced to rigorous life imprisonment.

On 23rd March, 1931,  Sukhdev, Bhagat Singh and Rajaguru were hanged till death and became immortal in our heart. This day is celebrated as Shaheed Divas or Martyrs’ Day in India.

Bollywood had also paid tribute to this son of India by making movies depicting his life and struggle. The most successful movie remains Manoj Kumar’s Shaheed which was released in 1965. In 2002 three movies were made on Bhagat Singh’s life namely Ajay Devgn’s  The Legend of Bhagat Singh, Bobby Deol’s 23rd March 1931 Shaheed and Shaheed-e-Azam.   The 2006 film Rang De Basanti is a film drawing parallels between revolutionaries of Bhagat Singh’s era and modern Indian youth.

Bhagat Singh was not only a revolutionary but he was a writer too. You will be surprised to know that he was an atheist. In his book “Why I am an atheist”  he had thoroughly described the reason behind being an atheist. I have read that book and it is worth read for all those who love to read books. It won’t take much of your time as it is not thick it is thin. 🙂 I would like to share one of the extract from that book which can be found on wikipedia page too…

As regard the origin of God, my thought is that man created God in his imagination when he realised his weaknesses, limitations and shortcomings. In this way he got the courage to face all the trying circumstances and to meet all dangers that might occur in his life and also to restrain his outbursts in prosperity and affluence. God, with his whimsical laws and parental generosity was painted with variegated colours of imagination. He was used as a deterrent factor when his fury and his laws were repeatedly propagated so that man might not become a danger to society. He was the cry of the distressed soul for he was believed to stand as father and mother, sister and brother, brother and friend when in time of distress a man was left alone and helpless. He was Almighty and could do anything. The idea of God is helpful to a man in distress.

Salute-to-the-sacrifice-of-Bhagat-Singh

This post is a tribute to one of the greatest son 0f India who hanged happily for the sake of nation.

– Ashish Kumar

Note – This is the 100th post on this blog and I would like to thank all of you from bottom of my heart for supporting and motivating me which made me to write always. And I hope the journey continues… 🙂